Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940

English architect, for biography of whom see Howard Colvin, A Biographical dictionary of British architects 1600-1840 (4th edn, 2008), 80-83. Over a period of about ten years, from circa 1803 to 1813, William Atkinson was employed by the fifth and sixth Dukes of Devonshire as town planner and architect on their Irish estates. In 1803 he was commissioned to survey and replan the towns of Bandon, Co. Cork, and Lismore, Co. Waterford, and at about the same time he also replanned parts of the centre of Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.(1) He prepared the original designs for the bridge across the River Colligan at Dungarvan, begun by 1810, but was replaced by SAMUEL WARE  SAMUEL WARE in 1813 when the cost began to outrun the estimate.(2) He was responsible for alterations at Lismore Castle from 1811 or 1812(3) with JAMES DWYER  JAMES DWYER acting as executant architect.(4) A design by him for a Catholic chapel at Dungarvan, dated 1813, is in the Chatsworth archives, and there are undated elevations for a warehouse among the papers at Lismore.(5)

See WORKS, for Irish work only.



References



(1) Lindsay J. Proudfoot, Urban Patronage and Social Authority: the management of the Duke of Devonshire's towns in Ireland, 1764-1891 (1995), 190.
(2) Proudfoot, op. cit., 194-5.
(3) Mark Girouard, 'Lismore Castle, Co. Waterford' in Country Life 136, 6 Aug 1964 dates the work to 1811, but according to Proudfoot (p.214) the 6th Duke did not initiate the reconstruction until he visited Ireland in 1812.
(4) A basement plan and north elevation 'Designed by Jas. Dwyer for Wm. Atkinson Esqr No 1 Hope Street Manchester', dated 15 Jun 1815, are in the Lismore Castle archives (IAA photocopy no. 01/01-02).
(5) Photocopy in IAA, no. 17/03.


6 work entries listed in chronological order for ATKINSON, WILLIAM #


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Building: CO. CORK, BANDON
Date: 1803
Nature: WA directed to survey and replan town.. For 5th Duke of Devonshire.
Refs: Lindsay J. Proudfoot, Urban Patronage and Social Authority: the management of the Duke of Devonshire's towns in Ireland, 1764-1891 (1995), 190

Building: CO. WATERFORD, LISMORE
Date: 1803
Nature: WA directed to survey and replan town.
Refs: Lindsay J. Proudfoot, Urban Patronage and Social Authority: the management of the Duke of Devonshire's towns in Ireland, 1764-1891 (1995), 190

Building: CO. WATERFORD, DUNGARVAN, GRATTAN SQUARE
Date: 1806ca
Nature: Plan laid out by WA. For 5th Duke of Devonshire.
Refs: Lindsay J. Proudfoot, Urban Patronage and Social Authority: the management of the Duke of Devonshire's towns in Ireland, 1764-1891 (1995), 190

Building: CO. WATERFORD, DUNGARVAN, BRIDGE
Date: 1810-1816
Nature: Begun to designs by WA for 5th Duke but finished in plainer form by Samuel Ware when WA's design proved too expensive for 6th Duke (after 5th Duke's death in 1811).
Refs: Lindsay J. Proudfoot, Urban Patronage and Social Authority: the management of the Duke of Devonshire's towns in Ireland, 1764-1891 (1995), 194-5

Building: CO. WATERFORD, LISMORE CASTLE
Date: 1811-15
Nature: Alterations.
Refs: Basement plan and north elevation 'Designed by Jas. Dwyer for Wm. Atkinson Esqr No 1 Hope Street Manchester', 15 Jun 1815, in Lismore Castle archives (IAA photocopy no. 01/01-02); Mark Girouard, 'Lismore Castle, Co. Waterford', Country Life 136, 6 Aug 1964, dates work to 1811, but according to Lindsay J. Proudfoot, Urban Patronage and Social Authority: the management of the Duke of Devonshire's towns in Ireland, 1764-1891 (1995), 214, the 6th Duke did not initiate the reconstruction until he visited Ireland in 1812.

Building: CO. WATERFORD, DUNGARVAN, EMMET STREET, CHURCH OF ST MARY (RC)
Date: 1813
Nature: Proposed design. For 6th Duke of Devonshire.
Refs: Chatsworth drawings collection